Some plant species are naturally good accumulators of nitrates. Nitrites cause respiratory distress due to interference with oxygenation of blood. Nitrate toxicity is basically a form of "anti-quality factor" that is associated with animals consuming plants that have a substance that creates health issues in them, just like with bloat is an anti-quality factor, or sweet clover poisoning, or grass/winter tetany. Chronic poisoning may result in poor growth, poor milk production and abortions. Most livestock poisoning comes in the spring from eating fresh foliage. The signs and symptoms of Black Nightshade Poisoning can vary from one individual to another. Death in 4-8 days. Even chewing on just one leaf can lead to a dirt nap. Grain overload also is common in feedlot cattle when they are introduced to heavy grain diets too quickly. Understand how cattle can develop nitrate toxicity or poisoning. Mayapple, bloodroot, pokeweed, nightshade and hellebore are other alkaloid-containing plants. Symptoms: Cattle -- high fever, loss of appetite, weight loss, difficult breathing, salivation, ataxia, opisthotonos, convulsions, internal bleeding; often mistaken for anthrax and other infectious diseases of cattle. Ten to twenty berries can kill an adult. Plants With High Toxicity. As the disease progresses, cattle become frenzied, bellow, stagger and crash into obstacles. Ingesting just two to four berries can kill a human child. diagnosis and prevention of poisoning of animals by plants and other ... Nightshade family • Pokeweed • Redroot pigweed. Alternative levels are indicated in Table 4 and the text. Wheat, barley, and corn are the most readily digestible grains; oats are less digestible. In cattle, there is evidence that vitamin A storage is affected. This is the earliest sign of a possible toxicity occurring with slight to acute symptoms. The deadly nightshade lives up to its reputation once humans eat it. Usually, stored forages with less than 1,100 ppm NO 3-N may be fed free choice to cattle. Several systems of the body, such as the digestive system, nervous system, vascular system, and ENT may be affected. nitrite poisoning; Nitrates may cause inflammation of the gut when eaten in large quantities, but their main importance is as a source of nitrite. The Poisonous Plant Guide is constructed to enable location of a plant by either knowing the common or botanical name of the plant. There may be signs of abdominal pain including kicking at the abdomen and frequent teeth grinding. The symptoms of acute poisoning are trembling, staggering, rapid breathing, and death. Milder symptoms of deadly nightshade poisoning include delirium and hallucinations, which appear quickly once ingested. The Colorado State University Guide to Poisonous Plants database lists trees, shrubs and perennials that can be harmful to animals. 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