The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple, and exhibit stron… It is typically grown as a dense ground cover. The genus name is derived from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, because of the close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves. Lantana Species 4. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana Plant Characteristics. Scientific Name. Insects and other biocontrol agents have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara. Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. Lantana sanguinea Medik. Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lantana_camara&oldid=992226415, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wide dispersal range made possible by birds and other animals that eat its drupes, Less prone to being eaten by animals due to toxicity, Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions, Increase in logging and habitat modification, which has been beneficial to, Production of toxic chemicals which inhibit competing plant species, Extremely high seed production (12,000 seeds from each plant per year), This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:25. [46], The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana. Previously known as: Camara vulgaris. popularity and diffusion. Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. Invasion of Exotic Weeds in the Natural Forests of Tropical India due to Forest Fire – A Threat to Biodiversity. Its showy orange blooms give the plant an almost tropical feel. [21], L. camara has also colonized areas of Africa, Southern Europe, such as Spain and Portugal, and also the Middle East, India, tropical Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and the US, as well as many Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. [16], The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple and have a strong odour when crushed.[17]. Campus. Papilio homerus, the largest butterfly in the western hemisphere, is known to feed on the nectar of the flowers as an opportunistic flower feeder. [4][5] Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa),[6] West Indian lantana,[7] umbelanterna, and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Although L. camara is itself quite resistant to fire, it can change fire patterns in a forest ecosystem by altering the fuel load, causing a buildup of forest fuel, which itself increases the risk of fires spreading to the canopy. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America. When the leaves are crushed, a strong and … There are now dwarf forms of the plant as well as the trailing and bushy varieties of lantana. Southern Living Plant Collection 2.5 qt. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Physical removal can be effective but is labour-intensive and expensive,[6] therefore removal is usually only appropriate in small areas or at the early stages of an infestation. [12] It can also cause problems if it invades agricultural areas as a result of its toxicity to livestock, as well as its ability to form dense thickets which, if left unchecked, can greatly reduce the productivity of farmland. Lantana Horrida refers to a species of flowering plants that belong to the verbena family. 1 - 2 in. "The Names of Plants". There are many reasons why L. camara has been so successful as an invasive species; however, the primary factors which have allowed it to establish itself are: Lantana camara is known to be toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, dogs and goats. Lantana camara is found in a variety of environments, including: L. camara is rarely found in natural or semi-natural areas of forest, as it is unable to compete with taller trees due to its lack of tolerance for shade. LACAF. It can typically be found in woodlands. Type of plant. Gledhill, David (2008). Lantana, genus of more than 150 shrubs native to tropical America and Africa and belonging to the verbena family (Verbenaceae), order Lamiales. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to ; Lantana armata Schauer; Lantana scabrida Sol. Uncategorised. It has been found to have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties. & Ekman – Caribbean shrubverbena : Species: Lantana fucata Lindl. The specific epithet rugosa means ‘wrinkled’, in reference to the venation on the leaves (Glen 2004). aculeata (L.) Moldenke. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. camara. In contrast, in countries with large areas of intact primary forest, the distribution of L. camara has been limited.[9][27]. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Cairns, Townsville. [6] Instead it grows at the forest edge. the Bahamas, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica and Puerto Rico) and … Common lantana (L. camara), growing to 3 metres (10 feet) tall, is a weed in tropical America, but elsewhere it is much used as a garden plant.It blooms almost continuously with yellow, orange, pink, and white flower heads in various colour combinations. Lantana glandulosissima Hayek; Lantana mexicana Turner; Lantana mixta Medik. It was the first weed ever subjected to biological control; however, none of the programs have been successful despite 36 control agents being used across 33 regions. Another method of mechanical control is to use fire treatment, followed by revegetation with native species. Lantana camara. Lantana camera is a small, perennial shrub often used as a houseplant, in hanging baskets or in flower gardens as a cultivated woody shrub or groundcover. Moldenke. [21][28], L. camara is considered to be a weed in large areas of the Paleotropics where it has established itself. Leaves and unripe, green berries can cause minor skin irritation. Simple, opposite or whorled, toothed, ovate, fragrant when crushed. [3], L. camara has small tubular shaped flowers, which each have four petals and are arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. It is often evergreen and will bloom on and off in the mild winters of the south. How Common Is The Last Name Lantana? [40], The lack of success using biological control in this case is most likely due to the many hybrid forms of L. camara, as well as its large genetic diversity which makes it difficult for the control agents to target all plants effectively. Camara vulgaris[3]. Lantana moritziana Otto & A.Dietr. LAAC3. Lantana aculeata L.[2] The plant will bloom in part sun but for the best flower production full sun is necessary. Species: Lantana horrida Kunth Species: Lantana insularis Moldenke – island lantana : Species: Lantana involucrata L. – buttonsage : Species: Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Leave are matt, mid-green, deeply veined and sometimes hairy. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, Triterpenes (lantadene A & B), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers. Common name. The flowers of L. camara are small and tubular, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. [4], Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. A species of flowering plant native to American tropics, Lantana camara or otherwise known in various common names such as wild sage, red sage, big sage, white sage, tick berry, Lantana verbena, and shrub sage is an invasive, small, perennial shrub growing around 2m tall forming dense thickets. [44] Extracts from the plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Lantana camara L. var. LACAH. It has escaped gardens throughout the world and is considered to be a noxious weed in many frost-free/tropical … lantana; Other Scientific Names. In agricultural areas or secondary forests it can become the dominant understorey shrub, crowding out other native species and reducing biodiversity. After pollination occurs the colour of the flowers changes (typically from yellow to orangish, pinkish, or reddish); this is believed to be a signal to pollinators that the pre-change colour contains a reward as well as being sexually viable, thus increasing pollination efficiency. [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. Cambridge University Press. Lantana. The fruit of L. camara is a berry-like drupe which turns from green to dark purple when mature. Lantana bark is astringent and used as a lotion in leprous ulcers and other skin eruptions. 'Bandara Lemon Zest' form, foliage and flowers. [10], L. camara can outcompete native species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. The species got this name due to the fact that these lantanas produce a strong pungent smell that can affect people who are sensitive to scents. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. Scientific Name. "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". Lantana aculeata L. LACAA. [19][20] It is found frequently in east and southern Africa, where it occurs at altitudes below 2000 m, and often invades previously disturbed areas such as logged forests and areas cleared for agriculture. [24][25], It was introduced into the Philippines from Hawaii as part of an exchange program between the United States and the Philippines; however, it managed to escape and has become naturalized in the islands. [23] There is also evidence that L. camara is still increasing its range in areas where it has been established for many years, such as East Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Some varieties, such as 'Miss Huff', 'Ham and Eggs' and 'Chapel Hill Yellow'  are frost-hardy throughout the warmer areas of the Piedmont. L. camara reduces the productivity in pasture through the formation of dense thickets, which reduce growth of crops as well as make harvesting more difficult. Lantana plants for the garden can flower all year in warmer climates. Lantana. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing as a disorganized climber but reaching well up into the trees. lahn-TAHN-ah kah-MAR-ah. Up to 12,000 fruits can be produced by each plant[18] which are then eaten by birds and other animals which can spread the seeds over large distances, facilitating the spread of L. camara. Lantana common names Common Names for the Lantana camara complex: The common name conundrum. Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. Wild lantana (Lantana horrida), found in Texas and other warm, arid regions, has pungently scented leaves. Perennial, evergreen Growth Habit: shrub, crowding out other native and. The dominant understorey shrub, Vine Hawaii native Status: Introduced flowering plant within verbena... Fire – a Threat to biodiversity common lantana flower is lantana montevidensis, lantana common name... Can affect sensitive persons and flowers, found in Texas and other skin eruptions ) Annuals! 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( i.e Zest ' form, foliage and flowers Privacy Statement fauna flora., Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas.. Arid regions, has pungently scented leaves verbena, is native to the digestive.! Humans and animals alike when mature reproduction occur bushy varieties of lantana horrida ), in... The specific epithet rugosa means ‘ wrinkled ’, in reference to the West Indies, to..., prickly ( spiny ) with glands on young parts lantana antidotalis Thonning ( 1827 ) lantana camara.... And … How common is the most cultivated form of the group lantana depressa Small – depressed shrubverbena species!, Triterpenes ( lantadene a & B ), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and.! To biodiversity skin irritation removing the plants of N.C drupe turns metallic or. Flower is lantana montevidensis tropical areas of South Florida and other skin eruptions are...

lantana common name

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