Report. Titian - Behind Closed Doors (2020 TV Movie) 57 min | Documentary, Biography, History . Also, not only was King Philip II the King of Spain, he was the King of Portugal as well (as King Philip I). Which famous Spanish artist completed numerous interpretations of Velázquez's work three centuries after Velázquez? Philip's third wife was Elisabeth of Valois, the eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. Buy King Philip II of Spain portrait on vintage Spanish peseta banknote rotating by vkilikov on VideoHive. The Invincible Armada", "Forgotten history? Her only surviving son became Philip III. "Power sharing: the co-monarchy of Philip and Mary". University of Hawai'i. Miller, Stephanie R. "A Tale of Two Portraits: Titian's Seated Portraits of Philip II". King of Castile, of León, of Granada, of Toledo, of Galicia, of Seville, of Cordoba, of Murcia, of Jaen, of the Algarves, of Algeciras, of Gibraltar, of the Canary Islands, of the Indias, the Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea; King of Portugal and the Algarves of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation, and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia, and India, etc. $9.95. Philip, known in Spain as Philip the Prudent, suggests to Diego de Orellana (10 Feb 1595) that he might tell prospective sailors that they will be very well treated, paid punctually, and that they’ll be given permission to return home when the fleet winters over. Curator Jeffrey Forgeng shows off a gauntlet made in Augsburg, Germany that belonged to Prince Philip II of Spain at the Higgins Armory Museum in... Circa 1565, Elizabeth of Valois , 3rd wife of Philip II of Spain. Philip II. This marriage produced four sons and one daughter. Generations are numbered by male-line descent from the first archdukes. To King Philip, the Spaniard, son of Charles the Invincible: From Lope de Aguirre, your lesser vassal, old Christian, of middling parents but fortunately of noble blood, native of the Basque country of the kingdom of Spain… Elizabeth bore Philip two daughters, Isabella Clara Eugenia (1566–1633) and Catherine Micaela (1567–97). Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, king of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (co-regent with Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King of Portugal and the Algarves (as Philip I) from 1580 until 1598 and King of Chile from 1554 until 1556. ( Philip Augustus ) 1165 1223, king of France 1180 1223. In Madrid, or in the gloomy magnificence of his monastic palace of El Escorial, which he built (1563–84) on the slopes of the Sierra de Guadarrama, the king worked alone in his small office, giving his decisions or, as often, deferring them. The Spanish Empire was not a single monarchy with one legal system but a federation of separate realms, each jealously guarding its own rights against those of the House of Habsburg. Philip II of Spain (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was, starting in 1556, king of Spain, and Burgundy, the Netherlands, Naples, Sicily, and overseas Spanish America. King Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II) of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent or Philip II of the House of Habsburg, was unarguably the most important ruler in Spanish history. Philip was married four times and had children with three of his wives. During his reign he went to war with several European countries. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Richard Marks, Ann Payne, British Museum, British Library; Those kinds of adjectives can be read in M. Van Durme's 1953. Henriques, Antonio, and Nuno Pedro G. Palma. Year 1543: Philip II married his first wife, Maria of Portugal who was also his cousin. Votes: 137. Philip II, (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, king consort of England, as husband of Mary I, from 1554 to 1558, lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories, such as duke or count; and King of Portugal and the Algarves as Philip I from 1580. Sacca’s portrait of the young King really brings out the beautiful features of the young Habsburg king and demonstrates his styling as well. in. , 422 10 bit King Philip had been married to Mary I and was a staunch Catholic. Philip was prepared to succeed Charles almost from birth. In fact, he was the son to whom Charles V. left Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, and the colonies of America too. ... All the tapestries were created for King Philip II of Spain … On this day in 1554, Queen Mary I of England married Philip II of Spain - a match made by Mary's cousin (and Philip's father), Charles V. Though Philip was less-than-thrilled with this idea, he knew that it was a good match politically, and that Mary had connections to Spain via her mother, Katherine of … Margaret of Parma, the duke of Alba, Don John of Austria, Antonio Pérez, and Alessandro Farnese—to name only the most distinguished—suffered disgrace. Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; Portuguese: Filipe I ; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and, while married to Mary I, King of England and Ireland. It’s not too difficult to imagine, reading Philip’s words, what some of the typical problems were for sailors of the time. Philip V of Spain: The King Who Reigned Twice by Kamen Henry (2001-05-01) Hardcover 4.3 out of 5 stars 19. He was son to the parents Charles V (The Holy Roman Emperor) and Isabella of Portugal. ÚLTIMA HORA: Felipe VI, el futuro rey de España / LAST MINUTE: Philip VI, the future king of Spain. Low angle, macro. Retrieved from the jingoistic and highly biased movie "Elizabeth: the Golden Age" (2007). Sardonyx cameo of Emperor Charles V and his son Philip II, by Leone Leoni, 1550; in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Philip II is remembered both for his failures and for his successes. He served as king of the Spaniards from 1556 to 1598 and as king of the Portuguese (as Philip I) from 1580 to 1598. King Philip II of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent, ruled one of the world's largest empires. He succeeded his father, Philip III of Spain, in 1621, and, for the first 22 years of his reign, Philip’s valido, or chief minister, was the Conde-Duque de Olivares, who took the spread Philip reactivated the Spanish Inquisition in an attempt to deal with the growth of Protestantism in Europe. Even the popes found it sometimes difficult to distinguish between Philip’s views as to what was the service of God and what the service of the Spanish monarchy. During his reign Spain regained much of its former influence in international affairs. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. So, if you’re carefully following the dates, at the time that the Philippines was named, he wasn’t yet king. King Philip II of Spain Timeline of Key Events. Philip II, detail of an oil painting by Titian; in the Corsini Gallery, Rome. Low angle, macro. King Philip II of Spain was born at Valladolid in Spain on 13 Sep 1598. Philip eventually succeeded to all but one of his father’s dominions. Philip II, (born May 21, 1527, Valladolid, Spain—died September 13, 1598, El Escorial), king of the Spaniards (1556–98) and king of the Portuguese (as Philip I, 1580–98), champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation. He was son to the parents Charles V (The Holy Roman Emperor) and Isabella of Portugal. After the victory over the French at Saint-Quentin (1557), the sight of the battlefield gave him a permanent distaste for war, though he did not shrink from it when he judged it necessary. Emeritus Professor of History, King's College, University of London. Wählen Sie aus erstklassigen Inhalten zum Thema King Philip Vi Of Spain … This appreciation is noted by Martin Hume in his aforementioned work ("Philip II of Spain", London 1897), pointing out how difficult is to show Philip II in a more favorable light to his fellow Englishmen because of that. Updates? Peterson, A. C. (2014). From 1548 until 1551, Philip traveled in Italy, Germany, and the Netherlands, but his great reserve and his inability to speak fluently any language except Castilian made him unpopular with the German and Flemish nobility. In the late 1580s, English raids against Spanish commerce and Queen Elizabeth Is support of the Dutch rebels in the Spanish Netherlands led King Philip II of Spain to plan the conquest of England. King Charles (Carlos) II of Spain was the last Habsburgs ruler of Spain, and thankfully so. / Also available is a por… • Entdecke einzigartige Designs und Motive von unabhängigen Künstlern. King Philip II of Spain, the Struggle between France and Spain, and how England lost Calais Regarding Mary Tudor’s reign as Queen of England, John Knox defiantly asserted, “unworthy, by reason of her bloody tyranny, of the name of a woman.” King Philip of Spain - In the 1560s, King Philip proposed to Elizabeth. Philip's first wife was his double first cousin, Maria Manuela, Princess of Portugal. Mary’s chosen husband was Philip of Spain, who was the son of her first cousin Charles V. They finally married on 25 July 1554, just two days after meeting for the first time. Elizabeth died in 1568, and in 1570 Philip married Anna of Austria, daughter of his first cousin the emperor Maximilian II. Year 1527: Philip II of Spain was born in Valladolid on May 21st, 1527. (21 May 1527 - 13 September 1598) Philip II of Spain was the only son of the Habsburg Emperor Charles V and his cousin Isabella of Portugal and was born in the Spanish capital of Valladolid on 21 May 1527. Charles Laurence (12 August 1573 – 30 June 1575), died young. – King of Spain, born in 1527, was son of Charles V. Duke of Milan from 1540, he became, by the abdication of his father, first king of Naples and Sicily (1554), few months after ruler of the Netherlands (1555) and finally king of Spain (1556). 2. From 1543 Charles conferred on his son the regency of Spain whenever he himself was abroad. The Philippines was named in honor of King Philip II of Spain when the Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos, arrived in our islands in 1542. “Philip” was Philip II (1527 – 1598) eventually to become the King of Spain. Its successes, however, were also great. He was born in Valladolid, and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife to live until he was an adult. In 1556 Charles resigned the kingdoms of Spain, the Spanish overseas empire, and the Franche-Comté to Philip. Philip was born on May 21, 1527, at Palacio de Pimente in Valladolid, then the capital of Spain. King Philip II of Spain ruled over the Kingdom of Spain from 1556 to 1598. Samson, Alexander. The marriage, which took place on 25 July 1554 at Winchester Cathedral, was political. King Philip II of Spain by Alonso Sanchez Coello, depicted in Verdi 's opera 'Don Carlos'. Halili, M. C. N. (2004). He oversaw the most prosperous time for the Spanish empire. She died in 1545, giving birth to the ill-fated Don Carlos. In 1555 Charles resigned the Netherlands to Philip. By Linda Alchin https://plus.google.com/+LindaAlchin?rel=author http://www.elizabethan-era.org.uk King Philip II of Spain with three of his wives, Elizabeth of Valois (left), Anna of Austria, and Maria of Portugal (right), and his son, Don Carlos (behind), from. England’s enmity with Spain ended with the deaths of Philip and Elizabeth, when King James I—son of Mary Queen of Scots—signed a peace treaty in … Charles gradually increased Philip’s responsibilities as he aged. Philip II was a member of the Habsburg dynasty. The marriage produced one son in 1545, after which Maria died 4 days later due to haemorrhage: Philip's second wife was his first cousin once removed, Queen Mary I of England. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The actual ceremony was conducted in Guadalajara upon her arrival in Spain. From time to time, the emperor wrote Philip secret memoranda, impressing on him the high duties to which God had called him and warning him against trusting any of his advisers too much. 4.5 out of 5 stars 48. Philip carried several titles including Prince of Asturias as heir to the Spanish kingdoms and empire. Their children were: Philip's fourth and final wife was his niece, Anna of Austria. When Henry died two years after Sebastian's disappearance, three grandchildren of Manuel I claimed the throne: Infanta Catarina, Duchess of Braganza; António, Prior of Crato; and Philip II of Spain. This was coupled with an almost pathological suspicion of even his most able and faithful servants. Culture King Philip II of Spain The Philippines were named after King Philip. The atmosphere of the Spanish court did much to poison the whole Spanish system of government, and this played no small part in causing the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) and the rebellions of the Moriscos of Granada (1568–70) and the Aragonese (1591–92). It was the quarrel between Philip of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I that led to the Spanish Armada being sent to England. What kind of work did Diego Velázquez do for King Philip IV of Spain? ADIVTOR" ("The Lord is my helper"). Philip III (Spanish: Felipe; 14 April 1578 – 31 March 1621) was King of Spain.He was also, as Philip II, King of Portugal, Naples, Sicily and Sardinia and Duke of Milan from 1598 until his death in 1621. At this time Philip was in the Netherlands. As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. 6. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Philip-II-king-of-Spain-and-Portugal, History Learning Site - Biography of Phillip II, Spartacus Educational - Biography of Philip II of Spain, Heritage History - Biography of Philip II, Philip II - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Philip II - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The newest cons… Rex Bookstore. He was tragically ugly through no fault of his own, but due to the desire of his family to maintain their bloodline. When he was King, Spain reached the height of it’s power, but also mismanaged the Spanish Armada, an attempt to invade England and the beginning of English momentum over Spanish dominance. Philip IV (1605 - 1665) was crowned king of Spain in 1621. Fought a war against Huguenots in France from 1590-1598 Music, Art, Literature, Theater, Dress, and Manner of Spain's Golden Age were admired and Philip II married four times and was four times a widower. Buy King Philip II of Spain portrait on vintage Spanish peseta banknote rotating by vkilikov on VideoHive. Elisabeth died a few hours after the loss of her last child. Martinez, Manuel F. Assassinations & conspiracies : from Rajah Humabon to Imelda Marcos. King Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II) of Spain, also known as Philip the Prudent or Philip II of the House of Habsburg, was unarguably the most important ruler in Spanish history. Letter from Lope de Aguirre, rebel, to King Philip of Spain, 1561 . "Philip II's patronage of science and engineering". After his return to Spain from the Netherlands in 1559, Philip never again left the Iberian Peninsula. Philip V (Spanish: Felipe; 19 December 1683 – 9 July 1746) was King of Spain from 1 November 1700 to 14 January 1724, and again from 6 September 1724 to his death in 1746. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Spain's new king, Felipe VI, was officially sworn in at a ceremony in front of parliament in Madrid on Thursday. After living in the Netherlands in the early years of his reign, Philip II decided to return to Spain. Anna died of heart failure 8 months after giving birth to Maria in 1580. Manila: Anvil Publishing, 2002. King Philip II. The polistas of the Galleon Trade", "The Link That Kept the Philippines Spanish: Mexican Merchant Interests and the Manila Trade, 1571-1815", "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich", Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich, "King Philip II of Spain as a symbol of 'Tyranny, "The Place of Tudor England in the Messianic Vision of Philip II of Spain", "Strategic Terror: Philip II and Sixteenth-Century Warfare", "The Theory of Sovereign Debt and Spain under Philip II", "Comparative European Institutions and the Little Divergence, 1385–1800", "Possessing the Sacred: Monarchy and Identity in Philip II's Relic Collection at the Escorial", "Portraits of Philip II of Spain as King of England", "Changing Places: The Marriage and Royal Entry of Philip, Prince of Austria, and Mary Tudor, July-August 1554", Letters of Philip II, King of Spain 1592–1597, online edition at Brigham Young University, Independence of Spanish continental Americas, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, northernmost France, Law of coartación (which allowed slaves to buy their freedom, and that of others), Infante Pedro Carlos, Infante of Portugal, Infante Alfonso Carlos, Duke of San Jaime, Maximilian Franz, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philip_II_of_Spain&oldid=992405547, People of the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604), Burials in the Pantheon of Kings at El Escorial, Grand Masters of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2020, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Pages incorrectly using the quote template, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2013, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Coat of arms at his investiture as Knight of the, Coat of arms with supporters, crest and motto, Coat of arms with supporters (a lion and a griffin) and crest. Shortly afterward Philip also received the Franche-Comté. $629.36. Maria (14 February 1580 – 5 August 1583), died young. Philip II. King Philip II was a Catholic. The King of Spain is its Honorary President when the foundation was estavblished in 2000. She was a daughter of Philip's maternal uncle, John III of Portugal, and paternal aunt, Catherine of Austria. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema King Philip Vi Of Spain sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. During his leadership, the country of Spain reached its peak in power, King Philip II cared a lot about the future of Spain. In 1540 Charles gave the duchy of Milan to Philip. During his reign the Spanish empire attained its greatest power, extent, and influence, though he failed to suppress the revolt of the Netherlands (beginning in 1566) and lost the “Invincible Armada” in the attempted invasion of England (1588). Philip was the first to arrive at ten in the morning. As a result, those years are often referred to as the ‘Golden Age’. Hardcover. The young monarch has 2 daughters, Leonor & Sofia In 1554 Philip married Mary I of England and became joint sovereign of England until Mary’s death, without issue, in 1558. Als King Philip’s War wird der Aufstand der Indianer im südlichen Neuengland in den Jahren 1675–1676 gegen die Expansion der englischen Kolonisten bezeichnet. As a ruler, Philip was stubborn, bitter, and paranoid—and his court was no better. To accomplish the task set him by God of preserving his subjects in the true Catholic religion, Philip felt in duty bound to use his royal powers, if need be, to the point of the most ruthless political tyranny, as he did in the Netherlands. Philip’s third marriage, with Elizabeth of Valois, daughter of Henry II of France, in 1559, was the result of the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis (1559), which, for a generation, ended the open wars between Spain and France. He was king for a while: 1554-1598. Year 1545: His first wife died while giving birth to his son Don Carlos. He was close to his mother, though his father was often absent. It was the feast day of St. James, the patron saint of Spain. Philip II of Spain (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was, starting in 1556, king of Spain, and Burgundy, the Netherlands, Naples, Sicily, and overseas Spanish America.He was born in Valladolid, and was the only son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and his wife to live until he was an adult. – King of Spain, born in 1527, was son of Charles V. Duke of Milan from 1540, he became, by the abdication of his father, first king of Naples and Sicily (1554), few months after ruler of the Netherlands (1555) and finally king of Spain (1556 ). He was also Duke of Milan from 1540. His second wife, Mary I of England, bore him no children. Philip had classic works translated into Spanish for him and was fond of music. He was son of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal 1543: Philip married his cousin, Maria of Portugal 1:03. From Madrid he ruled his empire through his personal control of official appointments and all forms of patronage. Kevin Knight. Mary, on the other hand, was reportedly excited to marry Philip. Philip contracted four marriages. King Philip II of Spain played a major role in English history at the time of the Tudors. Philip’s spare and elegant appearance is known from the famous portraits by Titian and by Sir Anthony More. Pablo Picasso (58 interpretations) Author of, Protestantism: The expansion of the Reformation in Europe. Der indianische Anführer wurde von den Engländern King Philip genannt, der Obersachem der Wampanoag im südöstlichen Massachusetts, dessen eigentlicher Name aber Metacomet war. The failures of Philip’s government were great: it failed to suppress the revolt of the Netherlands (beginning in 1566), and it sacrificed the “Invincible Armada” to the English in 1588. Philip II, (born May 21, 1527, Valladolid, Spain—died September 13, 1598, El Escorial), king of the Spaniards (1556–98) and king of the Portuguese (as Philip I, 1580–98), champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation. 21 May 1527 13 September 1598. Philip II (21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), Felipe in Spanish, sometimes called Philip the Prudent, was King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples from 1554 until 1598, lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories, such as duke or count; and King of Portugal and the Algarves as Filipe I from 1580. As Spain’s might grew, though, so did its enemies. It was the quarrel between Philip of Spain and Queen Elizabeth I that led to the Spanish Armada being sent to England. It was slow and ineffective, prone to factionalism and infighting. In 1567 relations between Don Carlos and his father reached rock bottom. Philip II, engraving by Christopher van Sichem. Only 1 left in stock - order soon. Though Philip was less-than-thrilled with this idea, he knew that it was a good match politically, and that Mary had connections to Spain via her mother, Katherine of Aragon. Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598) was King of Spain (1556–1598), King of Portugal (1580–1598, as Philip I, Portuguese: Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554 to 1558). He agreed to the marriage, despite being ten years Mary's junior. And it is … King Philip II of Spain played a major role in English history at the time of the Tudors. Making the First Global Trade Route: The Southeast Asian Foundations of the Acapulco-Manila Galleon Trade, 1519-1650. Philip was the son of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V and Isabella of Portugal. Philippine History. Finden Sie perfekte Stock-Fotos zum Thema King Philip Ii Of Spain sowie redaktionelle Newsbilder von Getty Images. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It was under his reign that Spain reached the height of its influence and power, and also of its artistic, literary, and musical excellence. Philip V, also called (until 1700) Philippe, duc d’Anjou, (born December 19, 1683, Versailles, France—died July 9, 1746, Madrid, Spain), king of Spain from 1700 (except for a brief period from January to August 1724) and founder of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. Charles II of Spain was born November 6, 1661 and became king in … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Philip was the son of Charles V—the reigning Holy Roman emperor—and Isabella of Portugal. 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